Before lenders make the decision to give you a loan, they want to know that you're willing and able to pay back that loan. To understand your ability to repay, they assess your income and debt ratio. To assess how willing you are to repay, they use your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are called FICO scores, which Fair Isaac & Company, a financial analytics agency, developed. The FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). For details on FICO, read more here.
Your credit score is a result of your repayment history. They don't consider income or personal characteristics. Fair Isaac invented FICO specifically to exclude demographic factors. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to consider only that which was relevant to a borrower's likelihood to pay back a loan.
Deliquencies, payment behavior, current debt level, length of credit history, types of credit and number of inquiries are all considered in credit scoring. Your score comes from the good and the bad in your credit report. Late payments lower your credit score, but establishing or reestablishing a good track record of making payments on time will raise your score.
To get a credit score, borrowers must have an active credit account with a payment history of six months. This payment history ensures that there is sufficient information in your credit to build an accurate score. Should you not meet the criteria for getting a credit score, you may need to establish a credit history prior to applying for a mortgage loan.
Executive Lending Group can answer your questions about credit reporting. Give us a call: (405) 615-8543.