Before deciding on what terms they will offer you a mortgage loan (which they base on their risk), lenders need to discover two things about you: whether you can repay the loan, and if you are willing to pay it back. To assess your ability to repay, lenders assess your debt-to-income ratio. In order to calculate your willingness to repay the mortgage loan, they consult your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which were developed by Fair Isaac & Company, Inc. The FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). We've written a lot more about FICO here.
Credit scores only take into account the information contained in your credit profile. They don't consider income or personal characteristics. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. "Profiling" was as bad a word when these scores were first invented as it is today. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to assess a borrower's willingness to repay the loan while specifically excluding other personal factors.
Your current debt level, past late payments, length of your credit history, and other factors are considered. Your score is calculated wtih positive and negative information in your credit report. Late payments count against your score, but a consistent record of paying on time will improve it.
To get a credit score, borrowers must have an active credit account with a payment history of at least six months. This payment history ensures that there is enough information in your report to calculate an accurate score. Some people don't have a long enough credit history to get a credit score. They should spend a little time building up credit history before they apply for a loan.
Executive Lending Group can answer questions about credit reports and many others. Give us a call at (405) 615-8543.