Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history in order to build a FICO score.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, all of the agencies use the following to determine your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers probably find their scores falling above 620.
Your FICO score affects your monthly payment
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your score, you must know your score and be sure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and online tools that can help you improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us: (405) 615-8543.