The biggest investment you will make in your lifetime will likely be the purchase of a home. So before you commit to the transaction, you want to be certain that the property's title is clear of any other claims.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title insurance company.
You pay the title company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company performs an extensive search on the title history of the property. The title company can usually find any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up before you close on the property.
Because Real Estate Law is so complicated, you need an expert to make sure that all previous transactions have been correct, so you don't end up with legal problems or a problem selling your property. Your title insurance owner's policy will describe the property and outline any recorded limitations on your ownership. It will also cover what the title company is responsible for. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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